How to use the De-Esser 2 Plugin in Logic Pro X | Logic Pro 10.4.5 Update


Hello and welcome to this lecture all about
the DeEsser 2 plugin. So this lecture was taken from my Complete Logic Pro X course,
to gain full access to this course, just check out the link in the description below. So
a DeEsser is actually a fast-acting compressor that only compresses at high frequencies or
a certain band of high frequencies. A DeEsser is primary used to reduce sibilance in vocal
recordings. A DeEsser can also be used to smooth out high frequencies in other instruments
such as hi-hats or cymbals. Like I said though, a DeEsser is primarily used on vocals for
reducing the sibilance, so any harsh Ss, Fs or T sounds. So, essentially a DeEsser reduces
that high-end hiss produced from the S, F or T sounds. Sibilance also depends on the
voice itself. It also depends on the position of the microphone. So, if you hit the side
of the microphone slightly, it will sound less S-y than if you’re directly in front
of the microphone. So, mic placement can help with sibilance. As well, the distance will
make a difference with sibilance, so if the vocalist is right up close to the microphone,
then there may be more sibilance than if the vocalist is further away from the microphone.
However, you may not want the vocalist too far away from the microphone because you may
capture more room sound which you may not want for your recording but a DeEsser can
help reduce sibilance in your recording. Be careful though when you’re De-Essing because
if you have too much of this, then it may sound like the vocalist has got a bit of a
lisp but the correct amount can make a vocal recording sound less harsh. I generally like
to use a DeEsser before the compressor, so I’m not compressing the unwanted sibilant
sound but sometimes if it’s a really S-y recording, I will also use a DeEsser after the compressor
as well as before the compressor. So, let’s have a look at the DeEsser 2 plugin in Logic
Pro X, so to open this up, we need to go down to Dynamics, and then DeEsser 2. In this plugin,
we have a few different dials and controls and we also have these visual meter displays.
We also have a few different presets we can choose. I’m going to Record Default and work
from the default. Okay, let’s have a look at the different settings now. On the left
here, you’ll notice we have the detection meter slider, so this allows to drag up or
down the threshold and gain reduction will only be applied to signals above this number.
Let’s just solo the vocals and play this back. ♪ I push against the Earth ♪ – [Tomas] We also have a detection meter.
So, this shows us the input signal level and the level is in level when it goes above the
threshold. ♪ I push against the Earth. ♪ – [Tomas] And the maximum number is displayed
at the top and you can click to reset this number. Okay, going along, we have the reduction
meter slider. This allows you to drag to set the maximum reduction level. And we also have
a reduction meter, so this shows the amount of gain reduction that’s being applied. ♪ I
push against the Earth ♪ ♪ But all I see is dirt in me ♪ ♪ Every lie I say ♪ – [Tomas] And the maximum number is shown
in the number above which you can also click to reset. Okay, going along we have some more
controls. First one is the threshold. This dial does the same as the slider over here.
So, a threshold, it basically only applies the reduction to signals above this number,
so if you have this at zero DB, for example, it won’t apply any reduction to the signal
because the signal won’t be above zero DB. So, let’s just lower this. And going along
we have max reduction and this also does the same as this slider over here. So, this is
the maximum reduction that will be applied when the signal passes past the threshold.
So, the higher the number, the more gain reduction will be applied to your signal. ♪ I push
the Earth ♪ – [Tomas] And if we lower this, we have less
gain reduction applied to the signal. ♪ I push against the ♪ – [Tomas] And we can see the amount of reduction
with this blue bar in the reduction meter. ♪ I push against the Earth ♪ ♪ But all
I see is dirt in ♪ – [Tomas] Okay, going along, we have frequency.
So, this is the center frequency that you’re going to reduce. So, it’s the frequency where
the sibilance is detected at. Generally I’d have this between five and 10,000 hertz. It
really does depend on the voice that you’re mixing. For female vocals, for example, the
frequency may be a little higher. And going down we also have the Filter Solo button.
So, this is really useful. So, this solos the frequency that you’ve selected. This allows
you to just listen to the frequency that you want to attenuate. ♪ I push against the
Earth ♪ ♪ But all I see is dirt in me ♪ ♪ I push against the Earth ♪ – [Tomas] In this vocal here, I push against
the Earth, it’s the against that I want to reduce. ♪ I push against the Earth ♪ ♪ I
push against the Earth ♪ ♪ I push against the Earth ♪ ♪ I push against the Earth
♪ – [Tomas] So the frequency that I want to
attenuate is around about 7,800 hertz. ♪ I push against the Earth ♪ ♪ I push against
the Earth ♪ – [Tomas] So, I do recommend having this Filter
Solo button selected, finding the frequency that you wish to attenuate and also recommend
going through and setting the right threshold for your recording and finding the max amount
of reduction. Like I said though, if you have too much De-Essing going on, it may sound
like your singer has a bit of a lisp. You do want some S sounds though. You don’t want
to cut out too much but you may want to cut out some so the recording doesn’t sound too
harsh. Okay, going along, we can choose Filter Type. Here we have a band-pass filter and
we also have a high shelf filter. The band-pass filter mode is useful for isolating and reducing
a specific band of high frequencies, so if you just want to reduce the band around a
certain frequency, then I recommend using the band settings. The high shelf filter mode
though could be useful for reducing a fill range of S-y sounds that are above the frequency
that you’ve selected. So, if you want to reduce a frequency and also all of the high frequencies
above it, then I recommend using the high shelf but if you just want to reduce a specific
band, then I recommend using band mode. Okay, going along, we have the range setting, so
here we have split or we have wide, so these both affect the filter frequency range, so
split affects the signal tightly around the center frequency of the frequency value that
you select, so this can give you a more narrow reduction and wide mode will affect a broader
range around the frequency value. We also have two different modes. We have relative
and absolute. So, in absolute mode, if you have a very quiet signal at certain points,
this can only be processed if the threshold is set to a very low value because the audio
needs to go above this threshold for it to be filtered or reduced at the frequency that
you select. And then we have relative mode. With relative mode, the signal level can actually
be higher or lower than where we have the threshold set, so in this mode we can adjust
the threshold so it’s just triggering the DeEsser and the threshold will be adjusted
for a quieter or louder S sound. With this mode, we just set the threshold so it’s triggering
the DeEsser and the threshold will be adjusted automatically with the DeEsser for quieter
or louder S sounds. We still need to set the threshold here. However, if the level goes
up, then it will automatically raise the threshold level, so if there any sibilant sounds that
are quieter or louder in the audio, the threshold will be adjusted in this relative mode. So,
this mode can actually give a more consistent effect and sound smoother than the absolute
mode. So, I do recommend going through and listening to your audio, reducing some of
those harsh sibilance sounds but maybe not too much or you may get a bit of a lisp sound.
So, that is the DeEsser 2 plugin in Logic Pro X. It’s a kind of multi-band compressor
that only operates at a single frequency band. The DeEsser is mainly used for vocals to tame
some of the sibilant sounds but we can use it for other instruments such as cymbals or
hi-hats just to smooth out the sound and attenuate some of those piercing frequencies. So, when
De-Essing vocals, I do recommend going through and finding the right frequency you wish to
de-S. The Filter Solo button can really help with this, then setting the correct threshold,
choosing your mode and then adding the max reduction, make sure you don’t reduce too
much because you still want some of those S sounds and if you reduce too much, it may
sound like the vocalist has got a bit of a lisp. However, a DeEsser can be really great
just for reducing some sibilant sounds that you get from Ss, Fs and Ts. So, thanks for
watching this lecture. I hope you found it useful and I’ll see you in the next one.
So this lecture was actually taken from my Complete Logic Pro X course. To gain full
access to this course, just check out the link in the description below.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *